Griffiths, Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 27(6): 28, 1914
What is Opuntia confusa?
Opuntia confusa is an interesting prickly pear because some cladodes have spination similar to that of O. engelmannii, whereas other cladodes have spination similar to that of O. dulcis.
In some of the obovate to subcircular pads the spines are longer than on other pads. These longer spines are heavy, angular, and spreading as in O. engelmannii. Three or more major spines may be present. In contrast, spines on other pads are slender, one porrect and one deflexed (O. dulcis like). Thus, there are two different types of spination in O. confusa.
The yellow flowers are 5-8 cm in diameter and all darken to red or near-red with age. Filaments are yellow and anthers are yellow. The style is pale and the stigma is green. Fruit is short-pyriform to subglobose and red. The fruit has a noticeable bloom that is lost at complete ripening when the fruit is dull red. Fruit spines may be reddish-brown.
O. confusa resembles O. dulcis in overall aspect and grows along side it in some locations. However, the two generally do not produce hybrids. The two prickly pears are similar in growth form and habit. However, when they are growing together it can be seen that O. confusa is always smaller, rarely reaching 40 cm tall, and O. confusa pads average smaller as well.
O. confusa typically has large areoles with more irregularly sized glochids that are scattered throughout areoles as in O. engelmannii. In contrast, O. dulcis generally has a tuft of glochids at the apex of an areole. O. confusa is a bluer plant than O. dulcis. Older (oldest) spines are darker on O. confusa than those of O. dulcis. The oldest spines of O. dulcis (on the oldest cladodes) may be black, especially in the western part of its range. See a table that compares O. confusa with O. dulcis. Read the original description.