Texas Opuntias

These opuntias are found primarily in Texas, but they may extend into Mexico. They are found from the Louisiana border to El Paso and include Big Bend plants. Eastern Texas plants plants are tolerant of too much water and northern plants are cold-hardy. Plants from Big Bend are always beautiful and some are cold-hardy.

Opuntia chisosensis

(Anthony) Ferguson, Cactus and Succulent Journal (U.S.) 58(3): 124, 1986 Holotype; Isotype; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium Original Description What is Opuntia chisosensis? Opuntia chisosensis is a prickly pear cactus that grows in the Big Bend region of Texas and adjacent Mexico where it occurs at higher elevations in wooded areas. At one time it was considered …

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Opuntia fusco-atra (fuscoatra)

Engelman. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 3: 297, 1856 Herbarium (possible lectotype); Herbarium (as O. nemoralis/macatee); Drawing (Drawings/prints associated with USPRR reports & photographs/archival material; plate XI); Painting (Mary Emily Eaton) Original Description What is Opuntia fusco-atra? Little is known about this prickly pear. It is reported to grow west of Houston, Texas.  Details This …

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Opuntia xanthoglochia

Griffiths, Annual Report of the Missouri Botanical Garden 21: 166, 1910 Holotype; Painting (Mary Emily Eaton); Painting (Mary Emily Eaton) Original Description What is Opuntia xanthoglochia? Opuntia xanthoglochia is a prickly pear cactus cactus found in central Texas east of Austin, although it may range into other areas. Details O. xanthoglochia resembles O. macrorhiza. The …

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Opuntia tardospina

Griffiths, Annual Report of the Missouri Botanical Garden 22: 34, 1911 Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Photograph (top photo); Photograph; Painting Original Description What is Opuntia tardospina? Opuntia tardospina is a large prickly pear cactus first reported from the Lampasas, Texas region. Griffiths reported that this Opuntia was an unusual cactus for several reasons, not the …

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Opuntia nemoralis

Griffiths, Monatsschrift fur Kakteenkunde 23: 133, 1913 Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium (with O. cespitosa); Herbarium; Herbarium (with O. cespitosa); Herbarium (with O. cespitosa); Herbarium; Herbarium Joe Shaw and Barry Snow Original Description What is Opuntia nemoralis? Opuntia nemoralis is a southern Midwest prickly pear that occurs in saline prairies, sandhills, and shale outcrops in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. …

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Opuntia gomei

Griffiths, Annual Report of the Missouri Botanical Garden 21: 167, 1910 Holotype; Holotype (O. laxiflora); Isotype; Isotype (O. laxiflora); Herbarium (submitted as O. lindheimeri); Herbarium (O. cyanella); Herbarium (O. gilvoalba); Photograph (O. gilvoalba); Herbarium; O. gomei (painting); O. gomei (painting, O. laxiflora) Original Description What is Opuntia gomei? Opuntia gomei is a common prickly pear near the Rio …

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Opuntia strigil

Engelmann, Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 3: 290, 1856 Isolectotype; Isolectotype; Isolectotype; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium  Original Description What is Opuntia strigil? Opuntia strigil is a prickly pear cactus in west Texas, mostly west of the Pecos River and apparently not entering NM. The Opuntia grows on limestone hills from …

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Opuntia spinosibacca

Anthony, American Midland Naturalist 55: 246. 1956 Isotype; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium Original  Description What is Opuntia spinosibacca? Opuntia spinosibacca is prickly pear cactus found only in the Big Bend region of Texas and in adjacent Mexico. It is often found on hot limestone substrates. It is a large cactus, to 4-ft tall …

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Opuntia sanguinicola

Griffiths, Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 27: 26, 1914 Isotype; Herbarium Original Description What is Opuntia Sanguinicola? O. sanguinicola is a Texas prickly pear cactus that prefers deep soils (limestone-derived) as opposed to the rocky soils preferred by O. gilvescens or other possibly related opuntias.  Details Plants may be 20 to 40 cm …

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Opuntia rufida

Engelmann, Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 3: 298, 1856 Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium Original Description What is Opuntia rufida? Opuntia rufida is a large, spineless prickly pear cactus that occurs in the Big Bend area of Texas and south into the greater Chihuahuan Desert of Mexico. Details …

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