Florida Opuntias

These are opuntias found primarily in Florida. Most of these plants are good bloomers, and they tolerate a variety of soils. They are tolerant of too much rain and humidity. These plants are mostly cold-sensitive and most are beach cacti.

Opuntia ochrocentra

Kunkel ex Britton and Rose, The Cactaceae; Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family 4: 262–263. 1923 Lectotype; Herbarium; Herbarium Original Description What is Opuntia ochrocentra? Opuntia ochrocentra is a small- to medium-sized prickly pear cactus from the Florida Keys. (All pictures provided by Danny Green.) Details The pads of O. ochrocentra are …

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Opuntia eburnispina

Britton and Rose, The Cactaceae vol IV, 260. 1923 Herbarium Original Description What is Opuntia eburnispina? Opuntia eburnispina is a rarely found prickly pear cactus from Cape Romano, Florida. It may be related to O. humifusa or O. austrina, and some botanists consider that O. eburnispina is synonymous with O. austrina.  Details O. eburnispina is …

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Opuntia abjecta

Small ex Britton and Rose, The Cactaceae, Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family 4: 257, 1923 Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium Original Citation What is Opuntia abjecta? Opuntia abjecta is a prickly pear cactus that occurs in the lower Florida Keys where it grows on bare limestone or where a bit of sand or …

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Opuntia atrocapensis

Small, Manual of the Southeastern Flora 905, 1933 Herbarium Original Description What is Opuntia atrocapensis? Opuntia atrocapensis is a prickly pear cactus known from the sand dunes of Monroe County, FL. It resembles O. ammophila.  Details O. atrocapensis forms prostrate, much-branched plants, sometimes resurgent the tips. Cladodes are obovate, elliptical, or broadly elliptical, 5-10 cm …

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Opuntia keyensis

Britton & Small, Journal of the New York Botanical Garden 20: 31, 1919 Herbarium; Herbarium; Black and White Photograph Original Description What is Opuntia keyensis? Opuntia keyensis is native Florida prickly pear cactus found in the Keys and Cape Sable.  Details O. keyensis is a large, erect, multi-branched cactus that forms a shrub or small …

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Opuntia polycarpa

Small, Manual of the Southeastern Flora 906, 1933 Isotype; Herbarium; Herbarium See O. ammophila See O. austrina Original Description What is Opuntia polycarpa? Opuntia polycarpa is a prickly pear cactus that grew in large colonies in the early 20th Century, but the species is much less common now.  Details Opuntia polycarpa is a smallish but upright …

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Opuntia zebrina

Small, Journal of the New York Botanical Garden 20: 35, 1919 Herbarium Original Description What is Opuntia zebrina? Opuntia zebrina is a medium-sized prickly pear cactus of the Florida Keys. It is named “zebrina” because it has spines that are banded yellow (tan) and dark brown. Details O. zebrina grows to 1 m tall or less. Cladodes are oval …

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Opuntia stricta

(Haworth) Haworth, Synopsis Plantarum Succulentarum 191, 1812 Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium O. stricta has similarities with O. dillenii, another beach prickly pear O. stricta is different from O. anahuacensis, but they are both beach prickly pears. Original Citation What is Opuntia stricta? Opuntia stricta is a coastal prickly pear cactus …

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Opuntia nitens

Small, Manual of the Southeastern Flora 906, 1933 Herbarium; Herbarium Original Description What is Opuntia nitensOpuntia nitens is a small (1 m tall but often shorter), erect prickly pear cactus that grows in Florida that is related to O. austrina.  Details Cladodes are  6-15 cm long and dull-green or yellow-green. Spines on this cactus are …

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Opuntia turbinata

Small, Manual of the Southeastern Flora 1933, 910 Original Description What is Opuntia turbinata? Opuntia turbinata is a prickly pear cactus that occurs in colonies along the coasts of Georgia and Florida where it grows in sand dunes. Details O. turbinata is an erect, much-branched plant that is less than than 1 m tall. The …

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