Florida Opuntias

These are opuntias found primarily in Florida. Most of these plants are good bloomer and grow in poor or rich soils. They are tolerant of too much rain and humidity. These plants are mostly cold-sensitive and many/most are beach cacti.

Opuntia ochrocentra

Kunkel ex Britton and Rose, The Cactaceae; descriptions and illustrations of plants of the cactus family 4: 262–263. 1923 Lectotype; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium What is Opuntia ochrocentra? Opuntia ochrocentra is a medium-sized prickly pear cactus from the Florida Keys. Details The pads of O. ochrocentra are elliptic to oval or even …

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Opuntia eburnispina

Britton and Rose, The Cactaceae vol IV, 260. 1923 Herbarium What is Opuntia eburnispina? Opuntia eburnispina is a rarely found prickly pear cactus from Cape Romano, Florida. It may be related to O. humifusa or O. austrina. Some botanists consider that O. burnispina is a variant of O. austrina.  Details O. burnispina is prostrate, widely branched …

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Opuntia abjecta

Small ex Britton and Rose, The Cactaceae, Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family 4: 257, 1923 Herbarium; Herbarium What is Opuntia abjecta? Opuntia abjecta is a prickly pear cactus that occurs in the lower Florida Keys where it grows on bare limestone or where a bit of sand or humus has accumulated. …

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Opuntia atrocapensis

Small, Manual of the Southeastern Flora 905, 1933 Herbarium What is Opuntia atrocapensis? Opuntia atrocapensis is a prickly pear cactus known from the sand dunes of Monroe County, FL. The type specimen (herbarium specimen) has never been found. Some botanists consider that O. atrocapensis is synonymous with O. astrispina. Details O. atrocapensis forms prostrate, much-branched plants, sometimes …

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Opuntia keyensis

Britton & Small, Journal of the New York Botanical Garden 20: 31, 1919 Herbarium; Herbarium; Black and White Photograph What is Opuntia keyensis? Opuntia keyensis is native Florida prickly pear cactus found in the Keys and Cape Sable. Details O. keyensis is a large, erect, multi-branched cactus that forms a shrub or small tree growing …

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Opuntia polycarpa

Small, Manual of the Southeastern Flora 906, 1933 Isotype; Herbarium; Herbarium See O. ammophila See O. austrina What is Opuntia polycarpa? Opuntia polycarpa is a prickly pear cactus that grew in large colonies in the early 20th Century, but the species is much less common now. Overall, this Florida taxon is similar to O. austrina and …

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Opuntia zebrina

Small, Journal of the New York Botanical Garden 20: 35, 1919 Herbarium What is Opuntia zebrina? Opuntia zebrina is a medium-sized prickly pear cactus of the Florida Keys. It is named “zebrina” because it has spines that are banded yellow (tan) and dark brown. Details O. zebrina grows to 1 m tall or less. Cladodes are oval or obovate …

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Opuntia stricta

(Haworth) Haworth, Synopsis Plantarum Succulentarum 191, 1812 Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium; Herbarium O. stricta has similarities with O. dillenii, another beach prickly pear O. stricta is different from O. anahuacensis, but they are both beach prickly pears. What is Opuntia stricta? Opuntia stricta is a coastal prickly pear cactus that occurs …

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Opuntia nitens

Small, Manual of the Southeastern Flora 906, 1933 Herbarium; Herbarium What is Opuntia nitensOpuntia nitens is a small (1 m tall but often shorter), erect prickly pear cactus that grows in Florida. Details Cladodes are  6-15 cm long and dull-green or yellow-green. Spines on this cactus are often single but there may be up to 4 …

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Opuntia turbinata

Small, Manual of the Southeastern Flora 1933, 910 What is Opuntia turbinata? Opuntia turbinata is a prickly pear cactus that occurs in colonies along the coasts of Georgia and Florida where it  grows in sand dunes. Details O. turbinata is an erect, much-branched plant that is less than than 1 m tall. The cladodes are …

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